Career Options after 10th – In Science, Commerce & Arts

The 10th standard exam is the first board exam as well as an academic milestone for a student. Once they clear this, they can choose their career based on their interests. Apart from doing 11th\12th, a student can also pursue diplomas and vocational courses after the 10th. In this article, we will see what are the different career options after the 10th.

After the 10th you have three streams available – Science, Commerce & Arts. Hence we are going to talk about what are the carrier opportunities available in these streams. There are lots of carrier opportunities, so many courses available such as certificate courses, professional courses, undergraduate courses, etc. I cannot cover all those courses in one article. Therefore I am going to cover popular courses here.

1. Science -

Science is the most popular stream among parents and students. It offers carrier options in engineering, medical and research roles. The major advantage of science is, that after class 12th you can switch from science to commerce or science to arts. There are multiple career options available for the science stream after class 12th.

Let’s consider if you decided to choose the science stream for the 11th\12th. Then let’s talk about what are the subject combination you can have.

List of Subject Combination -

  1. PCMB + English + Language
  2. PCMB + English + IT (vocational)
  3. PCM + English + Lang + optional subject
  4. PCB + English + Lang + optional subject

If you take general science then the plain combination is PCMB(Physics/Chemistry/Maths/Biology) + English + Language. Here the second language could be anything like Hindi, Marathi, Gujrathi, Sanskrit, Urdu, etc. Second combination is – PCMB + English + IT. This second language will be dropped and IT will be added. This is college-dependent. This is also known as a vocational course.

If you are interested in engineering. You are going to give JEE Main exam. Then this combination is for you. The third combination is – PCM + English + Language + Optional Subject. You can skip biology.  Instead of biology, you can have an optional subject. We will talk about the optional subject ahead.

If you want to go for medical but you are not interested in maths. In this case, fourth combination(PCB + English +Language + Optional Subject) is made for you.

Optional Subjects 

  • Philosophy
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
  • Economics
  • History
  • Geography

All arts subjects are optional subjects. You have a total of 6 choices. You can choose any one subject as an optional subject.

Bifocal -

PCM + English + Bifocal subject (200 marks)

What is bifocal?

A bifocal program allows students from the science stream to skip second language and biology subjects during Classes 11 and 12, and instead take a 200-mark elective like electrical maintenance or computer science. Bifocal is exclusively meant for people who want to do engineering. 

Bifocal Subjects – 

  • C.S
  • Electronics
  • Electrical maintenance
  • Civil
  • Mechanical

From these 5 subjects, you can choose any one subject as your bifocal subject. Again this is college dependant, which subjects your college will offer you.

Now we have discussed subject combinations, let’s have a deep dive into different carrier options after 12th science.

Career Options -


  • Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Ethical hacking
  • Defense (NDA)
  • B.Sc ( Bachelor of Science)
  • C.S
  • B.Sc IT
  • Aviation
  • Merchant Navy
  • Forensic science
  • Pharmacy
  • Astronomy
  • Research
  • Education and teaching
  • Commercial pilot 

If you take PCM, then the first carrier option for you is Engineering. For that, you have to give JEE MAINS exam, so that you can secure an engineering seat. Moreover, if you crack JEE Advance exam, you will get admission to IIT. There are different kinds of engineering degrees like BE & BTech. 

If you are not interested in Engineering then you can choose an architecture course. It is 5 years. For that, you need to crack NATA entrance Exam.

After 12 standards, you can join the army, navy, or airforce. For that, you need to crack defense which is the NDA exam.

For research, you need to do three degrees – Bsc -> Msc -> PhD

PCB – 

Medical – 

  1. MBBS
  2. BDS
  3. BHMS
  4. BAMS
  5. BUMS
  6. BSMS
To become a doctor, you need to clear the NEET entrance exam. Based on the NEET exam score you will get a seat accordingly. Like highest scorer will get an MBBS seat. If you are not eligible for MBBS, maybe you will get a BDS seat.
Allied Medicine Courses – 
  1. Physiotherapy
  2. Audiology
  3. Radiology
  4. Clinical research
  5. Occupational therapy
College may conduct separate entrance exams, for physiotherapy courses. There are non-medical career opportunities also mentioned here.
Non-Medical –
  • B.Sc
  • Pharmacy
  • Nutrition
  • Psychology
  • Environmental
  • science 
Apart from this, there are other carrier opportunities also. But I have covered some popular carrier options.

2. Commerce -

Commerce is the second most popular career option after science. Commerce is best for Business. If you are fascinated by numbers, finances, and economics then commerce is for you. The major advantage of commerce is, that after class 12th you can switch from commerce to arts.
If you take commerce then you have a total of six subjects. From that four subjects are compulsory subjects as follows – 
  1. English
  2. B.K and accountancy
  3. Economics
  4. O.C.M
Having two optional subjects are as follows – 
  1. Maths/ S.P
  2. Second language / I.T
Either you can choose maths or S.P. Mostly people willing to choose maths who want to do CA or banking. After that, you can select a second language or IT.
Bifocal –
  • English
  • B.K and accountancy
  • Economics
  • O.C.M
  • Banking
Commerce also has a bifocal stream. A bifocal program allows students from the commerce stream to skip optional subjects during Classes 11 and 12, and instead take a banking subject. 

Career Options -

It offers a wider variety of carrier options for undergraduate and professional courses. Let’s have a look – 
Undergraduate Courses – 
  • BCom- Bachelor of commerce
  • BBI- Bachelor of banking and insurance
  • BAF- Bachelor of accounting and finance
  • BMS- Bachelor of management studies
  • BMM- Bachelor of mass media
  • BBM- Bachelor of business management
  • BBA- Bachelor of business administration
  • BCA- Bachelor of computer applications
  • BEc- Bachelor of economics
Professional Courses – 
  • C.A
  • C.S
  • ICWA

3. Arts -

Arts are for those who are interested in academic research. If you are creative and want to dive deep into Humanity, then arts is your stream. History, Political Science, and Geography are the core subjects for Arts Students.
List of subjects in Arts – 
  • English
  • Second language
  • Environment Education
  • Philosophy
  • Psychology
  • Sociology
  • Economics
  • History
  • Geography
  • Pol. Science
  • Mathematics
  • Logic
  • Education
From there you have to choose seven subjects. It depends on your college which subject combination they provide.

Career Options -

Arts now offers several careers alternating which are equally valuable as the ones offered by Science and Commerce. An interesting fact is science and commerce students can also have these carrier opportunities. So, let’s see what are those popular carrier opportunities available for art students.
  • BBA- Bachelor of Business Administration
  • BMS- Bachelor of Management Studies
  • BFA- Bachelor of Fine Arts
  • BEM- Bachelor of Event Management
  • Integrated law course – B.A + LLB
  • BJMC – Bachelor of Journalism and Mass Communication
  • BFD- Bachelor of Fashion Designing
  • BSW- Bachelor of Social Work
  • BBS- Bachelor of Business Studies
  • BTTM- Bachelor of Travel and Tourism Management
  • Aviation Courses
  • B.Sc.- interior design
  • B.Sc. – Hospitality and hotel administration
  • Bachelor of Design (B. Design)
  • Bachelor of Performing Arts
  • B.A in History
  • BHM – Bachelor of Hotel Management
This was all about “career options after 10th – in science, commerce & arts”. Other than this there are other opportunities also. But I cannot complete all of them in a single article. If you know other than this then comment in the comment box and share your knowledge with us.

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